10 Early symptoms of HIV infection

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Published on August 4, 2018

10 Early symptoms of HIV infection

1. Night Sweats

symptoms of hiv – night sweats

If you’re unable to fall in asleep because you cannot stop sweating, and you’ve recently engaged in high-risk sexual behaviors, it can be a cause of this infection.

HIV-induced night sweats often occur persistently and without effort. They can drench your sheets and clothes and cannot nearly sleep through.

A person who engaged in unsafe anal intercourse with multiple persons and is diagnosed with early HIV reported that night sweats are a common symptom, according to a study published in 2015 in “Clinical Infectious Diseases”.

In fact, night sweats often accompany a common fever in HIV patients.

2. Fever

symptoms of hiv – fever

Another common symptom of HIV infection can be a fever.

A common fever during the first HIV stage can be recurrent and persist for two to four weeks at one time. Night sweats usually accompany fevers associated with an infection.

According to a study published in 2005 in Praxis, 77% of 62 patients with primary HIV infection are affected by fever, which establishes as the main symptom of this condition.

Because fevers are the response of the immune system to viral infections, getting fevers in the first stages of HIV is another common sign. It proves the immune system hasn’t weakened yet.

3. Swollen Lymph Nodes

The cells of your immune system are spread throughout your body. One of the main locations for the distribution is surely the lymph nodes that are found in your neck, in the groin area, and under your armpits.

Because the primary task of the cells of HIV is weakening your immune system, they will identify the main immunity-boosting parts of your body and then attack them. This will include the lymph nodes.

The swollen lymph nodes are the way of your body telling you that the immune system is working very hard to reduce the damage caused by an HIV infection.

55.5% of 54 patients (30 patients) diagnosed with HIV suffer from the swelling of lymph nodes, according to a study in 2002.

Lymph nodes are very tender to the touch and painful. They may appear and disappear frequently. It is a cause of this problem if the swelling persists longer than two to four weeks.

4. Sore Throat

Another early symptom HIV infection is a sore throat. It is likely to accompany fevers in HIV-positive patients.

In fact, a sore throat can occur before getting a fever as an indicative symptom in many patients.

According to a study in Clinical Infectious Diseases in 2002, a sore throat was also identified as the severe symptom of an HIV infection in seventy-four infected prostitutes.

You can experience pain swallowing your own saliva as well as water and food.

Your sore throat can last up to two weeks and can be accompanied by a mouth ulcer.

5. Joint Pain And Muscle Pain

symptoms of hiv – joint pain (arthralgias) and muscle pain (myalgia)

While these signs are present during the trajectory of this infection, they are also the main symptoms to identify whether you can have contracted HIV or not.

Musculoskeletal disorders (those affecting your bones and muscles) are often the early symptoms of HIV infection, according to a study in 2002.

The joint and muscle pain can manifest itself in the moderate to severe pain form in 2 or more joints that will last from 2 to 24 hours.

In a study in 2013, the musculoskeletal signs of 300 patients with primary HIV infection were evaluated for 1 year.

It found that about 63.3% patients reported musculoskeletal disorders. Besides, 46.7% patients reported body aches, 26.7% reported joint pain, 6.7% reported osteoporosis, and 8.3% reported lower back pain.

These signs intensify when the disease progresses.

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10 Early symptoms of HIV infection

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